The eye works like a camera. It has two parts, a lens, and a film. The film layer lines the back wall of the eyes and is called the retina. Lattice degeneration refers to thinning of the retina and occurs in about 5-10% of individuals. There are no activities or dietary changes that can make lattice degeneration better or worse.
Types of Lattice Degeneration
The two main types are lattice degeneration with atrophic holes and lattice degeneration without atrophic holes. Both are generally low-risk.
Lattice degeneration without atrophic holes is the most common type of lattice degeneration. No intervention is typically recommended. Lattice degeneration with atrophic holes refers to full-thickness holes within the area of lattice degeneration. Retina specialists may recommend treatment if a significant amount of fluid is noted around the atrophic hole(s).
Retina specialists typically monitor this condition on a yearly basis. Routine monitoring is recommended because some patients may eventually require preventative in-office laser to decrease the risk of retinal detachment.
The sudden onset of many new black spots in the vision or flashing white arc-shaped lights in the peripheral vision may be a sign of a retinal tear requiring treatment. Patients seeing a black curtain obstructing their vision may be experiencing a retinal detachment. These symptoms require patients to reach out to their retina specialist to determine if urgent evaluation and treatment are needed.